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Truman o avoid an invasion of Japan because he believed that
A. the Japanese would use the atomic bomb.
B. Japanese losses would be heavy.
C. Americans would suffer heavy losses.
D. Japan’s culture would be ruined.

Hitler’s political theories were based on all of the following EXCEPT
A. Darwinian social struggle.
B. communism.
C. racism, especially anti-Semitism
D. nationalism

Hitler was confident that the Western states who had signed the Treaty of Verailles would
A. fear Germany more then Stalin
B. be concerned about Italy;s expansion in Africa.
C. mobilize their military to enforce it.
D. not use force to maintain it.

Some people did not believe or acknowledge the full horrors of Hitler’s slaughter of civilization of these reasons EXCEPT one. Which one?
A. World War I propaganda had exaggerated German atrocities.
B. Collaborators refused to help the Nazis hunt down Jews.
C. Allied forces chose to focus on ending the war.
D. Some people pretended not to notice.

Although Hitler rose to power in Germany his actual birthplace was in
A. Soviet Union
B. Austria
C. Great Britain
D. France

Churchill called postwar Soviet policy in Eastern Europe the
A. “Soviet Surprise”
B. “Iron Curtain”
C.”Red Retrenchment”
D. “Steel Magnolia”

Hitler ended Germany;s economic woes, unemployment, and the depression by
A. putting women to work in factories.
B. public works project and a rearmament program.
C. building more churches and universities.
D. passing the “Nuremberg Laws.”

The ___ was the period of political tension following World War II.
A. Cold War
B. Yalta Era
C. Iron Curtain
D. Potsdam Period

Which country was referred to as the “soft underbelly” of Europe by Winston Churchill?
A. Italy
B. Spain
C. Turkey
D. Poland

The Kristallnacht, which happened on November 9, 1938, was
A. the creation of Hitler’s secret police under Heinrich Himmler.
B. the inspiration for the anthem of the Nazi Party.
C. a destructive rampage against German Jews led by Nazis
D. the signing of Hitler’s agreement with Russia.

Japanese leaders miscalculated American intent and thought that the United States would accept
A. German control of Britain.
B. Japanese control of Poland.
C. Japanese domination if the Pacific.
D. Japanese rule of California.

Hitler’s right of superior nations to “living space”?
A. Einsatzgruppen
B. Mein Kampf
C. Lebensraum
D. Kristallnacht

Chamberlain’s Munich COnference with Hitler in 1938 resulted in Britain
A. invading Poland.
B. declaring war on Germany.
C. feeling that peace was secured.
D. feeling that war was at hand.

At the Postdam Conference, Truman demanded ____ throughout Eastern Europe.
A. the reestablishment of the pre-war national boundaries
B. freely elected governments
C. widespread demilitarization
D. a joint British-Russian military presence

At the beginning of 1943, the Allies agreed to seek from Axis Powers nothing short of
A. League of Nations mandates.
B. unconditional surrender.
C. the return of Poland.
D. an apology in writing.

When the Einsatzgruppen proved to be slow for the Nazis, they
A. gave up and focused their attention on the Soviet front.
B. tried ti speed them up using zepplins.
C. invaded England.
D. built special extermination camps in Poland.

The ____ wer special strike forces charged with the task of rounding up and killing the Jews.
A. Luftwaffe
B. Einsatzgruppen
C. Gutreisen
D. Panzers

Japan had conquered Southwast Asia during WOrld War II using the slogan
A. “Slavery is freedom”
B. “Colonialism is God’s will”
C. “Rice for every worker.”
D. “Asia for the Asiatics.”

In order to address labor shortages during the war, Japan
A. forced workers to work double and sometimes even triple shifts.
B. brought in Korean and Chinese laborers.
C. allowed women to hold jobs from which they had previously been banned.
D. developed robots.

Stalin’s Five Year Plans were intended to transform Russia into
A. a monarchy.
B. an industrial society.
C. an agricultural society.
D. a democracy.

After 1941, Germany ruled some areas like Poland through direct annexation, but most of Europe was run by German official with
A. help from the allies.
B. local collaborators.
C. large offices.
D. Italian helpers

Hitler’s blitzkrieg, or lightning war, was
A. a strategy in which armies rested very little between attacks to wear the enemy doen more quickly.
B. a form of attack that used tank divisions supported by air attacks.
C. an air force strategy that combined jets and helicopters in a single attack.
D. a new form of warfare that used airplanes exclusively for the first wave of attack.

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese
A. launched a full-scale invasion of Southern China.
B. attacked the British colony on the Bataan Peninsula.
C. invaded Alaska.
D. launched a surprise attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor.

Lenin intended his economic policies to
A. allow the economy to re-build itself.
B. replace communism.
C. restore the Romanov dynasty.
D. create a permanent capitalist system.

The Tehran Conference in 1943 set in motion a plan that would ultimately result in
A. warfare between the West and Russia.
B. the League of Nations.
C. Germany being divided along a north-south line into East and West.
D. Europe being divided into North and South.

The victims of the Holocaust included large numbers of all of the following groups EXCEPT
A. SLavic people.
B. Jews.
C. Gypsies.
D. Italians.

____ administered the Nazi’s Final Solution.
A. Heinrich Himmler
B. Reinhard Heydrich
C. Heinrich Strasser
D. Adolf Hitler

In December 1936, Chiang Kai-shek ended his military efforts against the Communists and
A. invaded French Indochina.
B. taught Japan how to industrialize.
C. formed a front against Japan.
D. pretested at the League of Nations.

Stalin wanted to create a buffer to protect the Soviet union from the West by creating
A. a no-man’s land corridor
B. new democracies.
C. satellite, pro-Soviet state governments.
D. demilitarized zones.

At the Tehran Conference, stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill agreed
A. to establish a League of Nation organization after the war.
B. to defeat Germany and then unite against China.
C. to a partition of postwar Germany.
D. to end the League of NAtions mandates over the Middle Eastern countries.

Hitler inaccurately associated the concept of an Aryan race with all of the following groups EXCEPT
A. Scandinavians.
B. Germans.
C. Jews.
D. ancient Greeks and Romans.

Hitler demanded, and was given, what area in northwestern Czechoslovakia?
A. Slovakia
B. Serbia
C. Danzig
D. Sudetenland

The turning point of the war in Asia that established U.S. naval superiority over Japan in the Pacific was the Battle of
A. Pearl Harbor.
B. the Coral Sea.
C. Halfway Island.
D. Midway Island.

Great Britain’s policy of ___ toward Germany was based on the belief that the satisfaction of reasonable demands would maintain peace in Europe.
A. Anschluss
B. firm resistance
C. appeasement
D. detente

France’s military regime in Spain was supported by
A. France and Britain.
B. the United States and Britain.
C. Stalin and the Communists.
D. Germany and Italy

Hitler’s goal was to create a
A. Third Worker’s Party.
B. Third Depression.
C. Third Reichstag.
D. Third Reich, or German Empire.

Parliamentary systems failed in most eastern European states, in part, because
A. they all had large middle classes.
B. the systems were weakened by repayments.
C. these states had little democratic tradition.
D. the citizens were too well educated.

At the Yalta Conference, the Allies agreed to
A. resolve all future disagreements peacefully to avoid another such terrible war.
B. allow free elections in Africa.
C. the establishment of a United Nations organization after the war.
D. a military treaty pledging support to each other against any future attacks.

Two days after HItler’s invasion of ___ Britain and France declared war on Germany.
A. Austria
B. Slovakia
C. France
D. Poland

At ____, efforts by the British Royal Navy and civilians in private boats manages to evacuate 118,000 ALlied troops.
A. Normandy
B. Dunkirk
C. Danzig
D. the Maginot Line

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