Allowed the US president to aid American allies
German city in which Allies held war criminal trials
Giving into an aggresor’s demands in order to maintain peace
Site of the Allied war strategy meeting
Intended to prevent US involvement in a European war
Hitler’s plan for the unity of Austria and Germany
Site of major Russian victory over German troops
Opposition to all war
Location of the first US atomic bombing
What did the Nazi-Soviet Pact accomplish for Germany?
It gave Germany a free hand in Poland
What was one reason why the Spanish Civil War was called a “dress rehearsal” for World War II?
Nazis tested their new weapons
Hitler decided to invade the Soviet Union because
He wanted the Soviet’s vast natural resources
In what French city did German forces set up a “puppet state” capital after conquering France?
How did Churchill and Roosevelt give in to Stalin at the conference in Tehran in 1943?
Agreed to let the borders outlined in the Nazi-Soviet pact stand, against the wishes of Poland’s government-in-exile.
What was important about the Battle of the Bulge?
Both sides suffered terrible losses; delayed Allies from the west
The German Air Force was almost grounded by the time of the D-Day invasion because
the Germans had little fuel due to allied bombing
The U.S. strategy of “island hopping” in the Pacific
Allowed the US to gradually move north towards Japan
What was one of Stalin’s major goals in Eastern Europe after World War II?
Spread communism and create a buffer zone of friendly governments as a defense against Germany
The Truman Doctrine was rooted in the idea of
The League of Nations voted sanctions against which country for invading Ethiopia in 1935?
Through what action did Hitler violate the Versailles treaty in 1936?
What did the British and French do at the Munich Conference in 1938 to avoid war?
Gave into Hitler’s Demands (Appeasement)
What was usually the first stage of Hitler’s blitzkrieg strategy?
Utilize improved tanks and aircraft technology to strike a devastating blow
How did the Germans change their tactics in preparing for Operation Sea Lion?
Hitler launched massive air strikes
What U.S. action influenced the Japanese decision to attack the United States in 1941?
Banning of the sale of war materials to Japan
During World War II, “Rosie the Riveter” came to symbolize
Women’s working power and rights
In 1942, what priority did Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin set in the war?
Finish the war in Europe before finishing in Asia
What stopped the German advance during the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941?
The Soviet Winter
What was the Manhattan Project?
Codename to build and test the atomic bomb
Who were the kamikaze?
Japanese suicide pilots
What action did the Western Allies take after World War II that caused Soviets to strengthen their hold on East Germany?
Tried to ensure West Germany was free to democracy; made sure East Europe had a protective buffer zone between USSR and west
What was the importance of the Battle of El Alamein in 1942?
Britain stopped German advance in northern Africa
What did the Soviet Union do during Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939?
Attacked Poland from the east
What happened at Dunkirk in the Spring of 1940?
British forces successfully retreated across the English channel
Why were the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway major turning points?
Japan could no longer take the offense; they lost many soldiers and war materials